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Recurrent Vaginal Infection and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (Pid)

The female reproductive system is one of the complex systems in a woman’s body. Though open and prone to infections, proper understanding of the female anatomy is necessary for the prevention of vaginal infection. It’s important to practice steps that protects the body from infections and other related health problems. When vaginal infection keeps coming back even with multiple treatment, it’s termed “recurrent”.  Different complications ranging from pelvic inflammatory disease (pid), ectopic pregnacy, infertility, chronic pelvic pain etc.. has been associated with recurrent vaginal infection.

The female reproductive system is made of two vital organs, the external and internal organs. The external organ comprises of the vulva, which houses the vaginal opening, the clitoris, the hymen etc. unfortunately, a lot of people mistakenly use the term “vagina” to describe all female reproductive organs. The internal organ comprises of the vagina, cervix, uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. Vaginal infection is an infection caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites or viruses growing in and around the vagina or sometimes the vulva. Oftentimes, when one is exposed to this bacteria or viruses and start experiencing symptoms like discharge, itching, or even pains, its expected that proper consultation, diagnosis and treatment is carried out to prevent recurrence. However, the reverse is the case. Individuals who often self medicate or visit quacks or take certain concoctions when exposed to vaginal infection are most likely to come down with another episode of the same bacteria infection.

In the case of PID, with continuous exposure to certain bacteria like C. trachomatis or N. gonorrhoeae, the cervical mucus which acts as a barrier preventing bacteria from entering the uterus and other internal organs can become less effective and this will enable the movement of the bacteria from the vagina or cervix to other vital internal organs like the uterus, ovary, fallopian tubes thereby causing blockage and inflammation. With pid, one may start to experience symptoms like pain in the lower abdomen, pain during sex or unusual vaginal discharge discharge after sex. Also if pid is not properly diagnosed and treated, it can result in other complications like infertililty or ectopic pregnancy.

To reduce your risk of pelvic inflammatory disease:

  • Talk to your health expert about your recurrent vaginal infection for proper treatment and practice steps to avoid recurrence.
  • stay away from sexual activity during the course of treatment.
  • Get tested after treating vaginal infection to ensure no bacteria growth.
  • Practice safe sex. Use condoms every time you have sex, limit your number of partners and ask about a potential partner’s sexual history.
  • Don’t douche. Douching upsets the balance of bacteria in your vagina

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